The Olympian Hymns

Created by artisticspirit on 03 Mar 2018 | Last edited by artisticspirit on 02 Apr 2018

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, the twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon, commonly considered to be Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus, Hermes, and either Hestia or Dionysus. They were called ‘Olympians’ because they were considered to reside on Mount Olympus.
Although Hades was a major ancient Greek god, and was the brother of the first generation of Olympians (Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia), he resided in the underworld, far from Olympus, and thus was not usually considered to be one of the Olympians. Besides the twelve Olympians, there were many other cultic groupings of twelve gods.

Zeus King of the gods and ruler of Mount Olympus; god of the sky, lightning, thunder, law, order and justice. Youngest child of the Titans Cronus and Rhea. Symbols include the thunderbolt, eagle, oak tree, lion, scepter, and scales. Brother and husband of Hera, although he had many lovers, also brother of Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, and Hestia.

Hera Queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage, women, childbirth and family. Symbols include the peacock, cuckoo, and cow. Youngest daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Wife and sister of Zeus. Being the goddess of marriage, she frequently tried to get revenge on Zeus’ lovers and their children.

Poseidon God of the seas, water, storms, hurricanes, earthquakes and horses. Symbols include the horse, bull, dolphin, and trident. Middle son of Cronus and Rhea. Brother of Zeus and Hades. Married to the Nereid Amphitrite, although, like most male Greek gods, he had many lovers.

Demeter Goddess of the harvest, fertility, agriculture, nature and the seasons. Who presided over grains and the fertility of the earth. Symbols include the poppy, wheat, torch, cornucopia, and pig. Middle daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Also the lover of Zeus and Poseidon, and the mother of Persephone.

Athena Goddess of wisdom, knowledge, reason, intelligent activity, literature, handicrafts, science, defense and strategic warfare. Symbols include the owl and the olive tree. Daughter of Zeus and the Oceanid Metis, she rose from her father’s head fully grown and in full battle armor.

Apollo God of light, the sun, prophecy, philosophy, truth, inspiration, poetry, music, arts, medicine, healing, and plague. Symbols include the sun, lyre, swan, and mouse. Son of Zeus and Leto, and twin brother of Artemis.

Artemis Goddess of the hunt, the wilderness, virginity, the moon, archery, childbirth, protection and plaque. Symbols include the moon, horse, deer, hound, she-bear, snake, cypress tree, and bow and arrow. Daughter of Zeus and Leto and twin sister of Apollo.

Ares God of war, violence, bloodshed and manly virtues. Symbols include the boar, serpent, dog, vulture, spear, and shield. Son of Zeus and Hera, all the other gods despised him. His Latin name, Mars, gave us the word “martial”.

Aphrodite Goddess of love, pleasure, passion, procreation, fertility, beauty and desire. Symbols include the dove, bird, apple, bee, swan, myrtle, and rose. Daughter of Zeus and the Oceanid Dione, or perhaps born from the sea foam after Uranus’ semen dripped into the sea after being castrated by his youngest son, Cronus, who then threw his father’s genitals into the sea. Married to Hephaestus, although she had many adulterous affairs, most notably with Ares. Her name gave us the word “aphrodisiac”, while her Latin name, Venus, gave us the word “venereal”.

Hephaestus Master blacksmith and craftsman of the gods; god of the forge, craftsmanship, invention, fire and volcanoes. Symbols include fire, anvil, axe, donkey, hammer, tongs, and quail. Son of Hera, either by Zeus or alone. Married to Aphrodite, though unlike most divine husbands, he was rarely ever licentious. His Latin name, Vulcan, gave us the word “volcano”.

Hermes Messenger of the gods; god of travel, commerce, communication, borders, eloquence, diplomacy, thieves and games. Symbols include the caduceus (staff entwined with two snakes), winged sandals and cap, stork, and tortoise (whose shell he used to invent the lyre). Son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. The second-youngest Olympian, just older than Dionysus.

Dionysus (or Bacchus) God of wine, the grape vine, fertility, festivity, ecstasy, madness and resurrection. Patron god of the art of theatre. Symbols include the grapevine, ivy, cup, tiger, panther, leopard, dolphin, goat, and pinecone. Son of Zeus and the mortal Theban princess Semele. Married to the Cretan princess Ariadne. The youngest Olympian god, as well as the only one to have a mortal mother.

Hestia Goddess of the hearth, fire and of the right ordering of domesticity and the family; she was born into the first Olympian generation and was one of the original twelve Olympians. Some lists of the Twelve Olympians omit her in favor of Dionysus, but the speculation that she gave her throne to him in order to keep the peace seems to be modern invention. She is the first child of Cronus and Rhea, eldest sister of Hades, Demeter, Poseidon, Hera, and Zeus.

Comments
mk87    Sat, 03/03/2018 - 18:02

Classy!

Higgs Boson    Sun, 04/03/2018 - 11:29

Thank you for this fantastic collection!

makis17    Tue, 06/03/2018 - 00:54

Πολύ ωραία!
Να πω μονάχα σε όσους θέλουν και μια διαφορετική ηχητική προσέγγιση στο θέμα αυτό ας τσεκάρουν τους έλληνες blacksters Kawir που έχουν αυτό το αρχαιοελληνικό λατρευτικό στοιχείο στην μουσική και στους στίχους με επικλίσεις και δοξασίες στους αρχαίους θεούς και όχι μόνο, ερμηνευμένα από την δική τους οπτική γωνία.

http://www.darklyrics.com/k/kawir.html

artisticspirit    Tue, 06/03/2018 - 01:46

Σ' ευχαριστώ αν και θα ήθελα να τ' αφιερώσω στους βασικούς Θεούς του Ολύμπου! Regular smile

makis17    Tue, 06/03/2018 - 02:06

Ναι, φυσικά!
Βασικά ήταν ψιλοάσχετο αυτό που έγραψα, αλλά δεν κρατήθηκα! Tongue smile

Maria Kritikou    Sat, 10/03/2018 - 19:30

Ε, βέβαια...δε μου κάνει εντύπωση...

Ωραία συλλογή, artisticspirit!!! Wink smile

makis17    Sat, 10/03/2018 - 19:35

Δεν σε ρώτησε κανείς, πήγαινε στα αινίγματα που τα καταφέρνεις καλύτερα...
Biggrin

...η κάτσε και άκου αυτήν την κομματάρα πχ που είναι "ο αληθινός ύμνος στον Απόλλωνα".
Μετά το 6:18 έρχεται
η "λύτρωση" με την κιθάρα απλωμένη και μπροστά και όλα τ' άλλα πίσω, βαριέμαι να γράφω, να πω μόνο ότι οι 24 που έκαναν dislike στο κομμάτι τους πήρε ο διάολος... Diablo

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=HGC-WmCGNxM

Maria Kritikou    Sat, 10/03/2018 - 19:36

Ο καθενας εχει διαφορετικη γνωμη, δεν αρεσουν σε ολους αυτα τα τραγουδια.

makis17    Sat, 10/03/2018 - 19:44

Οι γνώμες είναι σαν τις μύτες, άλλες μεγάλες, άλλες στραβές, άλλες μικρές, με φακίδες με μύξες με .... Wacko

Maria Kritikou    Sat, 10/03/2018 - 22:40

Ο Διονυσος θεωρουνταν ενας απο τους 12 θεους του Ολυμπου?

Higgs Boson    Sun, 11/03/2018 - 00:08

Ναι. Η παράδοση διαφέρει ανά πόλη-κράτος κι εποχή.

Maria Kritikou    Sun, 11/03/2018 - 05:35

Εδω γραφει 13 ομως, γι'αυτο...

Higgs Boson    Sun, 11/03/2018 - 08:42

Περιλαμβάνει και τη θεά Εστία.

Maria Kritikou    Sun, 11/03/2018 - 10:10

Ε, ναι προφανως αφου ειναι μια απο τους 12 θεους του Ολυμπου.

artisticspirit    Sun, 11/03/2018 - 13:28

Hello Higgs Boson! Regular smile
Επειδή η συλλογή μου είναι βασισμένη απ' τη Wikipedia, περιείχε και τη Θεά Εστία κάτι που δε περίμενα, διότι κανονικά ξέρουμε απ' τη μυθολογία ότι οι Ολύμπιοι είναι 12.

Higgs Boson    Sun, 11/03/2018 - 17:05

Αυτό που προσπαθώ να πω είναι πως αυτό που λέμε δωδεκάθεο διαφέρει ανά πόλη-κράτος και εποχή, από τότε που η βακχική λατρεία άρχισε να κερδίζει όλο και περισσότερο έδαφος. Τη δωδέκατη θέση καταλαμβάνει ή ο Διόνυσος ή η Εστία. Το δωδεκάθεο παραμένει σταθερό, δεν ισοδυναμεί με το πάνθεο που περιλαμβάνει και τους Χθόνιους, για παράδειγμα. Επίσης, ως Ολύμπιοι δε θεωρούνται απαραίτητα μόνο αυτοί οι δώδεκα, αλλά όσοι κατοικούν στον Όλυμπο, σε αυτήν την περίπτωση και ο Ηρακλής, η Ίρις, οι Μούσες κλπ.

Ελπίζω να διασαφήνισα κάπως τα πράγματα.

Maria Kritikou    Sun, 11/03/2018 - 13:34

Οι Ολυμπιοι ειναι δωδεκα, χωρις τον Διονυσο. Η Εστια δικαιως ειναι στο 12θεο, ηταν η αδερφη του Δια!