Persepolis | City of culture and flames

Created by elisa. on 10 Feb 2021
Persepolis | City of culture and flames

Persepolis, 'Throne of Jamshid' was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (c. 550–330 BC). In Persepolis, the palaces of the kings were located on an artificial hill made with transport soil. This terrace, where the palaces were located, was reached by two wide stairs. The side walls of the stairs are filled with relief sculptures. In the throne hall of I.Xerxes , there were 100 columns, each 20 meters high and with 2 meters high capitals. The headdresses were in bull and human shape. The height of the door of the palace, which is attached to two large columns, is 11 meters. In front of the pillars on the door, there are two statues of bulls with human faces. 
It was founded by the Persian King Darius I.  After Darius, Xerxes I. ascended the throne, enlarged the city and filled it with various monuments. Xerxes like his father Darius, continued to fight with the Greeks. 
The Battle of Marathon: the battle was the culmination of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece. The Greek army decisively defeated the more numerous Persians, marking a turning point in the Greco-Persian Wars.After that war Xerxes became king of Persia and war seemed imminent.The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon. The Older Parthenon was still under construction when the Persians invaded and sacked the city in 480 BC. The building was burned and looted, along with the Ancient Temple and practically everything else on the rock.
And then, Alexander the Great went on an Asian expedition. He sent the bulk of his army to the Persian ceremonial capital of Persepolis via the Persian Royal Road. On entering Persepolis, Alexander allowed his troops to loot the city for several days. Alexander stayed in Persepolis for five months. During his stay a fire broke out in the eastern palace of Xerxes I and spread to the rest of the city. Possible causes include a drunken accident or deliberate revenge for the burning of the Acropolis of Athens during the Second Persian War by Xerxes; Plutarch and Diodorus allege that Alexander's companion, the hetaera Thaïs, instigated and started the fire. Even as he watched the city burn. Plutarch claims that he ordered his men to put out the fires. Curtius claims that Alexander did not regret his decision until the next morning. And soon after the wooden parts were completely destroyed by fire, very likely deliberately.
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Song language:  English

Artist:  Septicflesh

Translations:  GreekTurkish