Verbrannte Bücher, verstummte Stimmen

Created by maluca on 01 Dec 2019 | Last edited by maluca on 12 Nov 2020
Verbrannte Bücher, verstummte Stimmen

Burned books, silenced voices
A collection of authors and artists who were persecuted and forbidden by the Nazis in Germany.
Right after their rise to power they started to remove books they deemed "un-german" from public libraries and bookstores. Between March and October 1933 thousands of books were burned ritually in public bonfires and in the following years many artists had to leave the country. The books targeted for burning were those viewed as being subversive or as representing ideologies opposed to Nazism. These included books written by Jewish, pacifist, religious, liberal, anarchist, socialist, communist authors, and those who spoke out about gender and sexuality among others. These works could no longer be found in libraries or in the curricula of schools or universities.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_book_burnings
Composers and singers were equally persecuted, their music was not played in public anymore, many were forced to emigrate or committed suicide, others were imprisoned and murdered.
Also included in the list are resistance fighters and prisoners of concentration camps who wrote poems and songs about the horrors of the crimes against humanity commited during the Nazi reign and the resistance against it.

2. Kurt Weill Artist

Country:  Germany

Language:  English

Popular song:  September Song

3. Kurt Tucholsky Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Languages:  German, German (Berlinerisch dialect)

4. Erich Kästner Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

5. Irmgard Keun Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

6. Erich Mühsam Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

7. Nelly Sachs Artist

Country:  Sweden

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

8. Heinrich Heine Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

10. Dietrich Bonhoeffer Artist

Country:  Germany

Genres:  Religious, Poetry

Language:  German

11. Richard Tauber Artist

Country:  Austria

Genres:  Classical, Opera, Opera

Languages:  German, English

12. Mascha Kaléko Artist

Country:  Israel

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

13. Hermann Hesse Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Languages:  German, Italian

14. Lotte Lehmann Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Opera

Language:  German

15. Mordechai Gebirtig Artist

Country:  Poland

Genres:  Poetry, Singer-songwriter

Language:  Yiddish

Popular songs:  KinderjohrenArbetloze marshS'brent!

16. Hirsch Glick Artist

Country:  Poland

Genre:  Folk

Language:  Yiddish

17. Leah Rudnitzky Artist

Country:  Lithuania

Genre:  Folk

Language:  Yiddish

Popular song:  S dremlen feygl

18. Lejb Rosenthal Artist

Country:  Lithuania

Language:  Yiddish

19. Joachim Ringelnatz Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

20. Victor Hugo Artist

Country:  France

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  French

21. D. H. Lawrence Artist

Country:  United Kingdom

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  English

Popular songs:  Self-PityFidelityOn the Balcony

22. Jack London Artist

Country:  United States

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  English

Popular song:  The Song of the Flames

24. Oscar Wilde Artist

Country:  Ireland

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  English

26. Gertrud Kolmar Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular songs:  Die TageAus dem DunkelNachruf

27. Vera Inber Artist

Country:  Russia

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  Russian

28. Klabund Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

29. Joseph Schmidt Artist

Country:  Austria

Languages:  German, English

30. Ernst Busch Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Folk

Languages:  German, Spanish

31. Paul Hindemith Artist

Country:  Germany

Genres:  Classical, Opera

Language:  German

Popular song:  Wir bauen eine Stadt

33. Radclyffe Hall Artist

Country:  United Kingdom

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  English

Popular songs:  To ItalyAt MeissenButterfly

34. Robert Musil Artist

Country:  Austria

Language:  German

Popular song:  Isis und Osiris

35. Marcel Proust Artist

Country:  France

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  French

36. Rudolf Steiner Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

37. Franz Werfel Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

38. Rose Ausländer Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

39. Walter Hasenclever Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Die Todesanzeige

40. Erich Weinert Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

41. Erich Fried Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular songs:  DichWas es istMeer

42. Stephan Hermlin Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

43. Johannes R. Becher Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Kinderschuhe aus Lublin

44. Hanns Eisler Artist

Country:  Germany

Language:  German

45. Igor Stravinsky Artist

Country:  Russia

Genre:  Classical

46. Fritz Brügel Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

48. Lion Feuchtwanger Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Gesang der Toten

49. Theodor Kramer Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

50. Max Hermann-Neisse Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Verdammnis 1933

51. Oskar Maria Graf Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

52. Berthold Viertel Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

53. Karl Schnog Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular songs:  Der SteinbruchJedem das Seine

54. Johnny and Jones Artist

Country:  Netherlands

Genre:  Jazz

Languages:  Dutch, English

55. Alfred Wolfenstein Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Städter

56. Ernst Toller Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

57. Anna Krommer Artist

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Staub von Städten

58. Lisel Mueller Artist

Country:  United States

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  English

Popular song:  Immortality

59. Marianne Cohn Artist

Country:  Germany

Language:  French

60. Esther Granek Artist

Country:  Belgium

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  French

Popular songs:  Une histoireVacancesLes ménagères

61. Roman Karl Scholz Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Rebellen des Morgen

62. Irma Trksak Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Nie wieder!

63. Ilse Weber Artist

Country:  Czech Republic

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

64. Max Ehrlich Artist

Country:  Germany

Language:  German

Popular song:  Lieber Leierkastenmann

65. Willy Rosen Artist

Country:  Germany

Language:  German

Popular song:  Venezuela

66. Antonia Bruha Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Was man Leben nannte

67. Gösta Durchham Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  6434

68. Richard Zach Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

69. Oswalda Tonka Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Das Schrecklichste

70. Hilde Domin Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

71. Hans (Jean) Arp Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Languages:  German, French

72. Inge Ginsberg Artist

Country:  Switzerland

Genres:  Metal, Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Trümmer

73. Esther Bejarano Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Folk

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

75. Claire Goll Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular songs:  EntsündigungLiebeDu kommst

76. Yvan Goll Artist

Country:  France

Genre:  Poetry

Languages:  German, French

Popular songs:  ElégieIch liebeDer Staubbaum

77. Karl Kraus Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Zum ewigen Frieden

78. Peter Weiss Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular song:  Im Kreise gelaufen

79. Joseph Roth Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular songs:  HerbstTrostDie Ketzerin

80. Paul Celan Artist

Country:  Romania

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

81. Ruth Klüger Artist

Country:  United States

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular songs:  AuschwitzDer Kamin

82. Johann Esser Artist

Country:  Germany

Language:  German

Popular song:  Die Moorsoldaten

83. Wolfgang Langhoff Artist

Country:  Germany

84. Rudi Goguel Artist

Country:  Germany

85. Paysakh Kaplan Artist

Country:  Poland

Language:  Yiddish

Country:  Lithuania

Genres:  Poetry, Singer-songwriter

Language:  Yiddish

87. Abraham Sutzkever Artist

Country:  Lithuania

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  Yiddish

88. Lucie Mannheim Artist

Country:  Germany

Language:  German

Popular song:  Lili Marleen

89. Erika Mann Artist

Country:  Germany

Language:  German

Popular song:  Lied der Frau X

90. Klaus Mann Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

91. Thomas Mann Artist

Country:  Germany

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

92. Hannah Szenes Artist

Country:  Israel

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  Hebrew

Country:  Romania

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

Popular songs:  Das GlückDer SturmDu, weißt du...

94. Stefan Zweig Artist

Country:  Austria

Genre:  Poetry

Language:  German

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