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Resources

Useful Resources

Resources Listed Alphabetically By Language

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General Translation

Translation Guide - popular translation resource. Gadgets, software, and human translators for hire.

My Memory - searchable database of words and phrases submitted and voted on by anyone.

Wiktionary - a multilingual dictionary.

Giellatekno - a dictionary for Sámi languages; Finnish, Norwegian, Sámi, Swedish; limited info in English, Estonian, Hungarian and Russian.

Leo - German to English, French, Spanish, Italian, Chinese, Portuguese and Polish dictionary.

Linguee - a multilingual dictionary including Belorussian, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Latvian, Lithuanian, Magyar, Malthusian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish and Swedish.

Perseus - an Ancient Greek, Latin, Arabic and Old Norse to English dictionary and word form analyzer.

Dict.cc - a multilingual dictionary, including Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Latin, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish and Turkish.

Word Reference - a multilingual dictionary and conjugator (English, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, German, Swedish, Dutch, Russian, Polish, Romanian, Czech, Greek, Turkish, Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Arabic).

Lexilogos - a huge collection of dictionaries into/from many languages

Glosbe - a versatile dictionary

Digital Dialects - site features vocabulary games in many languages

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Afrikaans Language

Afrikaans Dictionary - online English - Afrikaans dictionary with native pronunciation of words.

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Albanian Language

Albanian-English Dictionary

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Arabic Language

Almaany - Arabic monolingual dictionaries and thesauruses, plus dictionaries for Arabic to/from other languages

Maajim - A collection of monolingual Arabic dictionaries and thesauruses, plus dictionaries for Arabic to/from other languages

Al-Qamous - English to/from Arabic dictionary, filtered by domain

Al-Buraq - Arabic to/from English dictionary

Al-Mo'jam al-Arabi - Monolingual Arabic dictionary and thesaurus, covering proverbs and idioms

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Armenian Language

Nayiri Armenian Dictionary - get definitions for words in Armenian, or transfer to/from English or French.

Armenian Verb Conjugator

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Arrernte Language

Arrernte Dictionary

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Azerbaijani Language

Azerdict Dictionary - Online Azerbaijani-English-Russian as well as orthography dictionary, get definitions for words in Azerbaijani, or transfer to/from English or Russian.

Obastan - Online lexicology, phraseology and terminology dictionary of Azerbaijan as well as Azerbaijani-English-Turkish-Russian-French dictionary.

Azerbaijani Verb Conjugator

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Bulgarian Language

OnlineRechik.com - Online Bulgarian-Bulgarian dictionary

frazite.com - Expressions and sayings in Bulgarian

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Burmese Language

Burmese (Myanmar) dictionary - 24 languages to Burmese (Myanmar) dictionary.

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Catalonian / Valencian Language

diccionari.cat - Catalonian dictionary of the Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Diccionari de la llengua catalana - Catalonian dictionary of the Institut d'Estudis Catalans.

Diccionari General de la Llengua Valenciana - Valencian dictionary of the Real Acadèmia de Cultura Valenciana.

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Chinese Language

Chinese-English Dictionary - searchable in traditional/simplified characters, pinyin, or English; gives Mandarin readings.

Cojak Hanzi Dictionary - very useful database of hanzi with multiple search methods. Gives readings in Mandarin, Cantonese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese.

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Corsican Language

Corsican dictionary - online Corsican dictionary

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Danish Language

Den Danske Ordbog - a Danish monolingual dictionary.

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Dutch Language

WOORDEN VERTALEN - a Dutch dictionary to English, French, German, and Spanish.

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English Language

The Free Dictionary - English dictionary.

Merriam-Webster - English dictionary.

Dictionary.com - English dictionary.

Common Errors in English Usage - a list of words usually misused in English.

Urban Dictionary - English slang

Oxford lexico - English dictionary.

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Estonian Language

Eesti-Inglise-Eesti Sõnaraamat - Estonian/English dictionary.

EKSS - Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat - Estonian explanatory dictionary

Võro-eesti synaraamat - Dictionary of the Võro dialect with definitions in Estonian (full listing).

Synaq - Dictionary of the Võro dialect with definitions in Estonian (search interface).

Sõnaveeb - Modern and powerful Estonian dictionary. Mostly monolingual but also contains some translations (e.g. Russian, English). Has audio example sentences. The dictionary also has a thesaurus / synonym look-up functionality.

Nastik - The modernized interface of the extensive Estonian-English-Estonian dictionary, Nastik.

Soome–eesti–soome suursõnaraamat -An extensive Estonian-Finnish-Estonian dictionary, a joint project by EKI and Kotus.

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Faroese Language

Sprotin - a Faroese dictionary and conjugator.

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Finnish Language

Kielitoimiston sanakirja - explanatory/monolingual dictionary.

Sanakirja.fi - An authoritative, partly paywalled dictionary.

Sanakirja.org - based on Wiktionary.

Urbaani sanakirja - a Finnish equivalent of Urban Dictionary.

Suomi–viro–suomi-suursanakirja - An extensive Finnish-Estonian-Finnish dictionary, a joint project by EKI and Kotus.

Oikofix proofreader - A free proofreading service that can be used for checking texts written in Finnish, Northern Sámi and English.

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French Language

Centre National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales - A good dictionary.

Banque de dépannage linguistique - A very good site for anyone looking for information regarding grammar in French.

Le Figaro - A "conjugator".

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Galician Language

Dicionário Electrónico Estraviz - Galician-Portuguese (reintegrationist) | Galego-português.

Dicionario da Real Academia Galega - Galician (official spelling).

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German Language (including Middle/Old High German and dialects)

ego4u - a relatively good German - English online dictionary.

Duden online - German dictionary with explanations, grammar, synonyms etc. Official reference on how words are supposed to be written.

Leo - German to English, French, Spanish, Italian, Chinese, Portuguese and Polish dictionary.

Redensarten-Index - A database of German idioms.

Wörterbuchnetz - A meta search engine connecting dictionaries of German dialects, of Middle High German and of related projects.

Althochdeutsches Wörterbuch - Old High German to Modern German dictionary by Gerhard Köbler.

Annis - A database of grammatically annotated Old High German texts.

Mittelhochdeutsch aktiv - An Interactive Online Course of Middle High German (in modern German)

Rechtschreibprüfung - Finds spelling mistakes, grammar mistakes and comma errors

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Gitano Language

Diccionario gitano - A dictionary and vocabulary resource for the Gitano language

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Guaraní Language

Diccionario guaraní - dictionary translates from Guaraní to Spanish and English.

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Hawaiian Language

WeheWehe Hawaiian Dictionaries - Hawaiian - English word/phrase translations dictionary

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Hebrew Language

Doitinhebrew - Hebrew - English word/phrase translations, conjugations, virtual Keyboard and more.

Israeli Music - מוזיקה ישראלית - A database of Israeli music information in Hebrew hosted at the National Library of Israel

Milog - Hebrew - Hebrew definitions.

Morfix - Hebrew - English word/phrase translations.

Hebrew Letter Chart - Hebrew letter writing, script and names.

NakDan - Tool to add Nikud (Hebrew Vowels) to Hebrew words and phrases.

Pealim - Hebrew Verb Tables with English translations.

Sefaria Reference - Dictionaries, grammar works, and encyclopedias from medieval to contemporary, meant to aid in understanding biblical and rabbinic texts.

Shironet - Hebrew Song Lyrics.

Wellisch - Hebrew - English dictionary.

Wikimilon - Hebrew - English dictionary.

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Icelandic Language

ISLEX - an Icelandic dictionary to other Nordic languages: Danish, Faroese, Finnish, Norwegian, and Swedish.

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Italian Language

DiPI online - Pronunciation dictionary.

Vocabolario Treccani - Dictionary.

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Japanese Language

Jeffrey's Japanese-English Dictionary - large database of words and phrases with many search options.

Space Alc - excellent dictionary; enter Japanese or English words or phrases to get results pulled from across the web.

Jim Breen's WWWJDIC - highly recommended for searching kanji, as well as a good Eng-Jap dictionary.

Kiki's Kanji Dictionary - comprehensive dictionary of kanji.

Japanese Colloquial Abbreviations - good (romanized) list of contractions and their roots.

Wadoku - Japanese/German dictionary.

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Korean Language

Naver Dictionary - a multilingual Korean dictionary.

English/Korean Dictionary

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Kurdish (Sorani) Language

dictio.kurditgroup.org

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Latin Language

Olivetti Latin Dictionary - Latin dictionary to English, French, and Italian and conjugator.

Frag Cäsar - Latin/German dictionary and morphological analyzer.

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Latvian Language

tezaurs.lv - Latvian explanatory dictionary

letonika.lv - A page where Latvian words can be analyzed; specifically, enter a Latvian word in the search bar, and it will show you how to conjugate it properly. It will also show how to properly conjugate the diminutive form of the word.

Latvia Grammar PDF - A book about Latvian grammar (PDF format) in English.

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Norwegian Language

Ordbøkene - a bokmål-nynorsk monolingual dictionary

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Old English Language

Bosworth-Toller - Old English dictionary.

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Old Norse/Norrønt Language

Viking Society Web Publications - A collection of online publications, including text books, dictionaries, translations, academic studies etc.

An Icelandic-English Dictionary by Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson

A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic by Geir T. Zoëga (also includes grammar tables)

Old Norse Dictionary by Cleasby & Vigfusson

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Persian Language

Vajehyab - The most comprehensive digitized collection of Persian (monolingual) dictionaries and thesauruses, with data on some Iranian dialects, along with words/equivalents coined by the Academy of Persian Language, and sometimes equivalents in English, Arabic and Turkish.

Fast Dictionary - Persian English dictionary with Persian synonyms and similar words

BarsaDic - English Persian dictionary, especially useful for specialized and technical texts because of its feature to filter results by field of study / register

AbiDic - Used for translating legal Persian words into English. Entries that have the text "فرهنگ تشریحی - کاربردی حقوق تالیف هرمز رشدیه" under them in dark blue are reliable definitions from a famous legal dictionary, digitized with the author's (Hormoz Roshdiyeh) permission.

Gajnoor - The most comprehensive collection of digitized works of classical Persian literature, mainly poetry.

Encyclopædia Iranica - The most comprehensive research tool dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.

Dehkhoda - Dehkhoda is the most comprehensive dictionary in Persian.

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Polish Language

Odmiana.NET - noun declension tables

sjp.pwn.pl - monolingual dictionary

www.miejski.pl - slang expressions

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Portuguese Language

Portuguese Dictionary Online - one of the greatest dictionaries avaliable both physically and online. Type the word under "Digite a palavra" and click "Buscar". Brazilian Portuguese | Português do Brasil.

Dicionário Priberam. European Portuguese | Português europeu.

Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa da Porto Editora. European Portuguese | Português europeu.

Portuguese slang/idiom Dictionary - includes a Portuguese dictionary that suggests synonyms and antonyms and others and definitions for Portuguese idioms and slangs.

Orthographic Agreement - corrector for both European and Brazilian Portuguese ortographic agreements.

Dicionário Electrónico Estraviz - Galician Portuguese | Galego-português.

Conjuga-me - Portuguese verb conjugator

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Russian Language

Russian Slang Dictionary - English definitions to Russian slang

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Sanskrit Language

A Practical Sanskrit Introductory

Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries - a collection of dictionaries, both scanned books and digital searches

Sanskrit Web - a collection of Sanskrit texts, dictionaries, fonts containing ligatures, etc.

Spoken Sanskrit - an Sanskrit English dictionary and Sandhi calculator

The Sanskrit Heritage Site - includes a sentence parser, sandhi calculator, conjugator/declinator etc.

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Sardinian Language

Online Sardinian Dictionary - Entries are explained in Sardinian, but also contains words translated into English, French, Italian, Spanish and German.

Italian to Sardinian Dictionary - Also contains translations into English, French, Spanish and German.

Logudorese Dictionary - Logudorese words only into Italian

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Spanish Language

SpanishDict - good Spanish/English dictionary for words and phrases, as well as a great list of verb conjugations.

WordReference - dictionary for English/Spanish/Italian/German/French/Catalan/Russian/Polish/Korean etc. languages. Also good for phrases and idioms (and slang).

Linguee - a English/Spanish (and other languages) dictionary and translations with a variety of examples based on outside sources.

Cronopista - Rhyming dictionary in Spanish

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Swedish Language

Tyda - Swedish/English/German/French/Spanish dictionary, also lists conjugation/declension of verbs and nouns.

Svensk etymologisk ordbok - Swedish etymological dictionary

Svenska akademiens ordböker - three monolingual vocabularies in one website by Svenska Akademien: conjugation, dictionary, and ethymology

Synonymer.se - Swedish synonyms

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Ukrainian Language

Ukranian Dictionary Online - Eng -> Ukr; to search Ukr -> Eng click on the links underneath the search box.

Vocabulary of Ukrainian Synonyms - find a synonym to almost any of ukrainian words.

Vocabulary of Ukrainian Rhymes - this will help you in constructing lyrical masterpieces in Ukrainian.

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Venetan Language

El Galepin - a Venetan dictionary to English and Italian.

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Vietnamese Language

tratu.soha.vn - a dictionary with various language combinations

tratu.coviet.vn - a dictionary with various language combinations

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Fonts and Alphabets

Mediaevum and other fonts including special characters for medieval texts.

Upside Down Text - Flip characters and reverse texts.

TypeIt - type foreign characters on your PC.

Lexilogos' keyboard - type IPA or foreign characters on your PC.

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Other Tools

YouTube Geo IP Check I - Check YouTube Video Region Restrictions I

YouTube Geo IP Check II - Check YouTube Video Region Restrictions II

Text Compare - Compare two columns of text

Text Case Converter - Convert text case online utility

Oikofix Proofreader - A free proofreading service that can be used for checking texts written in English, Finnish and Northern Sámi

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